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Also, American life had been built on the idea of a frontier in the west, constantly expanding and providing new opportunities. The first were Sephardic Jews, who came as early as 1730. The Gilded Age saw a massive increase in Immigrants coming into the country, with millions flocking in for a taste of the “American Dream,” were the streets were paved with gold and the opportunities were limitless. Immigrants tended to refrain from travelling too far to the west (unless they were Asian immigrants coming from the Pacific) and the south, a region still hurdling from Reconstruction’s woes and struggling to keep up with the bustling north. The life of an immigrant coming into America was one filled with massive economic hardships and social unrest. ( Log Out /  They often paid for transport to America or were supported by family, friends, and prospective employers there. The influx of urban workers helped boom industry & modernize cities, but also led to horrible working & living conditions, … ( Log Out /  Additionally, males, leading to a strange gender differential, dominated immigrant populations. Between 1877 and 1890 alone, a total of 6.3 million new arrivals entered the United States. Next: Imperialism & WWI. ( Log Out /  During the Gilded Age, the United States was a land of opportunity. Unit 10: Gilded Age Immigration, Urbanization & Reform. For all the great positive changes going on in the country around this time, the Gilded Age is also known for the great economic divide that was sweeping over the United States. Unit 10: Gilded Age Immigration, Urbanization & Reform. During the Gilded Age, immigration became a significant socioeconomic factor in the nation’s development, more so than in any time period before it. During the Gilded Age, approximately 20 million immigrants came to the United States in what is known as the new immigration. These final two groups had the largest impact on gilded age politics, economics, and culture and therefore were the most significant in … Is the American dream achievable? A discussion of immigration during the Gilded Age should not leave out Chinese migrants. Once they arrived almost all saw that the opposite was actually the case. It is possible this discrepancy is due to the nature of immigration at the time, as most American companies desired hard unskilled labor to supplement industrial growth and factory work; women, perhaps, did not fit into this need. Complications exist when studying survey data from the time due to the interwoven characteristics of immigrants (for example, an Irish catholic immigrating from England) makes it difficult to pinpoint holistic generalizations about immigrant groups. Previous: Gilded Age Industry & Labor. Many were benefiting from the changes going on around the time, however many were not. The early weeks of the Trump presidency have been dominated by discussions of the ethics and propriety of his immigration policies. Still, Americans could not come to grips with this new ethnicity on the continent, seeing them as foreign and unlikeable, much like the Native Americans who had been so subjugated in their time. © 2020 Treatment of Immigrants During the Gilded Age. At the root of this divide is Immigration. This political nativism, or belief in the goodness of Anglican purity, became a core tenet of American political issues. Here, I will try to answer some immigration questions relating to the Gilded Age. During the Gilded Age, the Immigrants were used as workers in factories, they created inventions that changed America forever. These immigrants eventually formed whole communities and began redefining their own cultural perspectives and ideas in America. For all the great changes immigration brought to the country, this website will explore how the rapid growth of immigration in America during the Gilded Age lead to a greatly divided society in the workplace, racially and in the lifestyle of people in America at the time. Change ), Exploring Immigration During the Gilded Age. As such, anti-Chinese immigration legislation emerged, first at local levels. But Americans in the late 19th and early 20th centuries faced a flood of immigration that makes today’s issues look modest in comparison. Some of them were prosperous farmers who had the cash to buy land and tools in the Plains states especially. Welcome to my Digital Research Project for History 305: Making of the Modern US. Irish immigrants are particularly interesting. The northeast, in fact, was a hotspot for immigrant settlement, as it contained an incredibly high number of foreign-born migrants compared to the overall population of the country. Millions of “new immigrants” swarmed to the U.S. from Eastern & Southern Europe, swelling American cities. Ashkenazim (German Jews) Jews immigrated to the united states in multiple waves from different parts of Europe. This is partly because they were quite different from Americans, primarily due to faith; Irish were Catholics and Americans, by and large, adhered to some form or other of Protestantism. Chain migration was especially common; essentially, migration wherein certain individuals came to America following other acquaintances and subsequently bonded with them upon arrival, a repeating cycle. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Gilded Age Immigration and Labor Stations. The Gilded Age saw a massive increase in Immigrants coming into the country, with millions flocking in for a taste of the “American Dream,” were the streets were paved with gold and the opportunities were limitless. Chinese and Asian migrants, entering from the west, posed an unfortunately perceived threat to that frontier. Many immigrants, contrary to popular belief, were not in the bottom of their original country’s socioeconomic class. Many Americans felt high levels of animosity towards immigrants coming into what they felt was their country and that animosity spilled over not only into the workplace, but various social environments as well. What were they seeking? Many were poor peasants looking for the American Dreamin unskilled manual labor in mills, mines, and factories. Irish communities, interested in their own well being but not so much national affairs, came to dominate both municipal politics through their flooding numbers and the Roman Catholic Church through their adherence to a faith not as common in America as it had been where they had come from. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Ironically, this same belief came to accept those foreign-born migrants from Europe as being parts of America just as easily as it decried Chinese migrants who had come for similar purposes, more or less on the principle that they were simply different. During the Gilded Age, immigration became a significant socioeconomic factor in the nation’s development, more so than in any time period before it. The Gilded Age was one of the most crucial and important times in American History. Treatment of Immigrants During the Gilded Age, Socially Divided: Immigrants and Americans. The industrial revolution created jobs in Eastern factories. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Prior to the Gilded Age, the time commonly referred to as the old immigration saw the first real boom of new arrivals to the United States. The Gilded Age’s Crisis of Immigration. This website will present a number of different sources that help show my argument. Even so, women became core assets to factory production in later years, so this conjecture is actually not greatly supported. The period saw tremendous increases in the volume of immigrants, in their original locations and ethnic compositions, and in the beginnings of anti-immigration legislation. The immigrants during the Giled Age helped the economy in many different ways. Chinese migrants came in flocks to do much of industrialization’s dirty work in the west. At the root of this divide is Immigration. The Germans, for example, came to populate the “German Triangle” created by Milwaukee, St. Louis, and Cincinnati; Irish communities integrated themselves with urban life in much of the northeast. The United States would not of become the world power we all know it to be without the massive amounts of growth and changes in everything from politics, industrialization and massive economic growth. They built railroads, engaged in mining, cleared land, and pioneered significant agricultural efforts. How many of them stayed and how many of them returned? Once they arrived almost all saw that the opposite was actually the case. All Rights Reserved. Still, Irish workers, often unskilled, came to dominate much of their trade and practices. Nevertheless, it stands that approximately 13 million immigrants entered America from 1866-1900, prompting a whole series of questions: who were they? Why had they come? Over the years, because more and more immigrants came here due to the fast development, started being discriminated and usually, they … J Loomis - Editor / Posted on September 5, 2019October 18, 2020 / 0 Many of the businesses were able to expand since they had much more employees to do the work. Few immigrants went to the po… There were so many immigrants that were of perfect working age there were a lot of people to employ. The period saw tremendous increases in the volume of immigrants, in their original locations and ethnic compositions, and in the beginnings of anti-immigration legislation. ( Log Out /  Home. This was aided by the high level of urbanization among Irish immigrants, as most of them elected to remain in cities they had originally arrived in. This project will focus more on the other two groups who arrived in the 19 th and 20 th centuries. Various documents such as bills and letters from the time period, as well as scholarly books and articles which showcase a similar argument from a different perspective. Not greatly supported Facebook account show my argument answer some immigration questions relating to the United States multiple... Early weeks of the Trump presidency have been dominated by discussions of the Trump presidency have dominated! Waves from different parts of Europe new immigrants ” swarmed to the po… Welcome to my Research... 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